Build and Push a Docker image to AWS ECR with Pulumi : Part 3(with Azure DevOps and Semantic Release)

In this last part of the series, we will add Semantic Release to our project and pipeline to automate versioning the Docker images the pipeline builds and pushes to AWS ECR.

Here’s the code to project if you’d like to view the code:

Add a GitHub Personal Authentication Token to the Azure Library

Generate a GitHub Personal Authentication token with repo permissions by going to “Settings” > “Developer Settings” > “Personal Access Token” and click on “Generate new token”.

Select the repo scopes for the GitHub PAT

Add a new secret variable GH_TOKEN to the Azure Pipelines Library Build that we created in the previous articles. Set the value to the GitHub PAT you just created.

GitHub PAT in the Azure DevOps Pipelines Library

Update Node.js to 14.17 minimum

Semantic Release requires at least version 14.17 of Node.js to run. In the previous articles we used 12.20.1 . This doesn’t need to be updated locally, as you can still install the packages, but there will be some warnings.

Update the first task in the build.yaml file to install Node.js 14.17.0:

- task: NodeTool@0
versionSpec: 14.17.0
displayName: 'Install Node.js version 14.17.0'

Install Semantic Release

Install the Semantic Release package and plugins.

$ npm i -D semantic-release @semantic-release/exec @semantic-release/changelog @semantic-release/github @semantic-release/commit-analyzer @semantic-release/release-notes-generator

These packages will be added to the devDependencies section in the package.json file, e.g.

"devDependencies": {
"@semantic-release/changelog": "^6.0.1",
"@semantic-release/commit-analyzer": "^9.0.2",
"@semantic-release/exec": "^6.0.2",
"@semantic-release/github": "^8.0.2",
"@semantic-release/release-notes-generator": "^10.0.3",
"@types/node": "^14",
"semantic-release": "^18.0.1"

Add scripts to package.json

Add the following to the package.json in the root directory of the project, i.e. the Pulumi project, not the one in the app/ folder.

The "release" section defines the main branch to trigger releases off of and which plugins to include.

The most notable plugin here is the exec plugin that will create a file named nextRelease with the next version number determined by Semantic Release. This is useful for the pipeline, as we will store the contents of this file in an environment variables to use in multiple tasks during the pipeline’s execution.

"scripts": {
"release:create": "./node_modules/.bin/semantic-release",
"release:determine-new-version": "./node_modules/.bin/semantic-release --dry-run"
"release": {
"branches": [
"plugins": [
"prepareCmd": "echo ${nextRelease.version} > nextRelease"

Replace hardcoded Docker image tag

Replace the hardcoded version in index.ts with an environment variable so that the tag for the Docker image is dynamic:

const imageVersion = "v1.0.2";


const imageVersion = process.env.VERSION;

This now uses an environment variable called VERSION during pulumi up (the last task run in the pipeline). We will set this environment variable in the next step…

Run the Semantic Release commands in the Pipeline

Add the following to the build.yml file before the Pulumi Up task (the last task in the pipeline:

- task: Bash@3
name: prerelease
displayName: Semantic Pre-Release
targetType: 'inline'
script: |
npm run release:determine-new-version
- task: Bash@3
name: release
displayName: Semantic Release
failOnStderr: true
targetType: 'inline'
script: |
npm run release:create
new_version="$(cat nextRelease)"
echo "##vso[task.setvariable variable=VERSION]$new_version"
# publish nextRelease file containing new version number as artifact for deploy pipeline to use
- publish: nextRelease
artifact: VERSION

NOTE: Your commit message or Pull Request title needs to meet Semantic Release guidelines, so remember to start it with feat: or fix: so that Semantic Release determines that a release should be created.

Commit and push your code to trigger the pipeline and watch Semantic Release create a release and tag in your GitHub repo and Azure Pipelines will also push a Docker image tagged with the same version to AWS ECR!

Hope this helped,
Bonza 🤙



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